502.03 Freedom of Expression

Student expression, other than student expression in student-produced official school publications, made on the District premises or under the jurisdiction of the District or as part of a District-sponsored activity may be attributed to the District; therefore, student expression must be responsible. Student expression must be appropriate to assure that the students learn and meet the goals of the District activity and that the potential audience is not exposed to material that may be harmful or inappropriate for their level of maturity.

Students will be allowed to express their viewpoints and opinions as long as the expression is responsible. The expression will not, in the judgment of the administration, encourage the breaking of laws, defame others, be obscene or indecent, or cause a material and substantial disruption to the educational program. The administration, when making this judgment, will consider whether the activity in which the expression was made is District-sponsored and whether review or prohibition of the students' speech furthers an educational purpose. Further, the expression must be done in a reasonable time, place, and manner that is not disruptive to the orderly and efficient operation of the District.

Students who violate this policy may be subject to disciplinary measures. Employees are responsible for ensuring students' expression is in keeping with this policy. It is the responsibility of the Superintendent/designee to develop administrative regulations regarding this policy.


Legal Reference:
U.S. Const. amend. I.
Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier, 484 U.S. 260 (1988).
Bethel School District v. Fraser, 478 U.S. 675 (1986).
New Jersey v. T.L.O., 469 U.S. 325 (1985).
Tinker v. Des Moines Ind. Comm. Sch. Dist., 393 U.S. 503 (1969).
Bystrom v. Fridley High School, 822 F.2d 747 (8th Cir. 1987).
Iowa Code §§ 279.8; 280.22; (2007).


Cross Reference:
502.00 Student Rights and Responsibilities
504.00Student Activities
603.09 Academic Freedom
903.05 Distribution of Materials


Adopted:
November 16, 2009

Reviewed:
August 12, 2009
January 19, 2015

Revised:
January 19, 2015