504.11 Wellness

The Board promotes healthy students by supporting wellness, good nutrition, hydration and regular physical activity as a part of the total learning environment. The school district supports a healthy environment where students learn and participate in positive dietary and lifestyle practices. By facilitating learning through the support and promotion of good nutrition and physical activity, schools contribute to the basic health status of students. Improved health optimizes student performance potential.

The school district provides a comprehensive learning environment for developing and practicing lifelong wellness behaviors. The entire school environment, not just the classroom, shall be aligned with healthy school district goals to positively influence a student's understanding, beliefs and habits as they relate to good nutrition and regular physical activity.

The school district supports and promotes proper dietary habits contributing to students' health status and academic performance. All foods provided by the district during the instructional day should meet or exceed the state/federal nutrition standards. Foods should be served with consideration toward nutritional integrity, variety, appeal, taste, safety and packaging to ensure high-quality meals.

The school district will make every effort to promote the availability of meals to all students; and/or use nontraditional methods for serving meals, such as "grab-and-go" or classroom breakfast.

The school district will develop a local wellness policy committee comprised of representatives of the Board, parents, school food authority, physical education teachers, school health professionals, leaders in food/exercise authority and employees. The local wellness policy committee will develop a plan to implement and measure the local wellness policy and monitor the effectiveness of the policy. The committee will designate an individual to monitor and evaluate the implementation of the policy. The committee will report to the Board regarding the effectiveness of this policy.

Specific Wellness Goals For

  • nutrition education, (Appendix A) 
  • physical activity, (Appendix B) 
  • other school-based activities that promote student wellness, (Appendix C)
  • nutrition guidelines for all foods available, (Appendix D)
  • plan for measuring implementation, (Appendix E) 


Legal Reference:
Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act, 42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq. (2007)

Child Nutrition Act of 1966, 42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq.,
The Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act of 201. Public Law 111-296
 

Cross Reference:
504.6 Student Activity Program

710 School Food Services

  
Approved:
December 18, 2006 
504.6 Student Activity Program
710 School Food Services
 
Reviewed:
July 10, 2009
December 3, 2013 
June 15, 2015 
 
Revised:
July 20, 2009
December 3, 2012 
June 15, 2015 
Appendix A

NUTRITION EDUCATION AND PROMOTION

The school district will provide nutrition education and engage in nutrition promotion that:
  • is offered at each grade level as part of a sequential, comprehensive, standards-based program designed to provide students with the knowledge and skills necessary to promote and protect their health;
  • is part of not only health education classes, but also classroom instruction in subjects such as math, science, language arts, social sciences and elective subjects;
  • includes enjoyable, developmentally appropriate, culturally relevant participatory activities; 
  • promotes fruits, vegetables, whole-grain products, low-fat and fat-free dairy products, healthy food preparation methods, and health-enhancing nutrition practices; 
  • emphasizes caloric balance between food intake and physical activity; 
  • links with meal programs, other foods and nutrition-related community services; and, 
  • includes training for teachers and other staff.
Appendix B

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

Physical Activity
The school district will strive to provide students opportunities for physical activity based upon state/federal guidelines.

Physical Education
The school district will provide physical education that:
  • is for all students in grades K-12 for the entire school year; 
  • is taught by a certified physical education teacher; 
  • includes students with disabilities, students with special health-care needs may be provided in alternative educational settings; and, 
  • engages students in moderate to vigorous activity during at least 50 percent of physical education class time. 
(waiver can be granted if PE is in conflict with a student’s religious beliefs)

Daily Recess
Elementary schools should provide recess for students that:
  • is at least 30 minutes a day; 
  • is preferably outdoors; 
  • encourages physical activity; and,
  • discourages extended periods (i.e., periods of two or more hours) of inactivity. 
When activities, such as mandatory school-wide testing, make it necessary for students to remain indoors for long periods of time, schools should give students periodic breaks during which they are encouraged to stand and be moderately active.
 
Integrating Physical Activity into Classroom Settings
For students to receive the nationally recommended amount of daily physical activity and for students to fully embrace regular physical activity as a personal behavior, students need opportunities for physical activity beyond the physical education class. Toward that end, the school district will:
  • offer classroom health education that complements physical education by reinforcing the knowledge and self-management skills needed to maintain a physically active lifestyle and to reduce time spent on sedentary activities;
  • discourage sedentary activities, such as watching television, playing computer games, etc.;
  • provide opportunities for physical activity to be incorporated into other subject lessons; and,
  • encourage classroom teachers to provide short physical activity breaks between lessons or classes, as appropriate. 

Physical Activity and Punishment
Employees should not use physical activity (e.g., running laps, push-ups) or withhold opportunities for physical activity (e.g., recess, physical education) as punishment.
 
Appendix C

OTHER SCHOOL-BASED ACTIVITIES THAT PROMOTE STUDENT AND STAFF WELLNESS

Communication with Parents
The school district will support parents’ efforts to provide a healthy diet and daily physical activity for their children. The school district will:
  • send home nutrition information, post nutrition tips on school web sites and provide nutrient analyses of school menus, and/or offer healthy eating seminars for parents; 
  • encourage parents to pack healthy lunches and snacks and to refrain from including beverages and foods that do not meet the established nutrition standards for individual foods and beverages; 
  • provide opportunities PTO's to share their school's healthy practices 
  • provide information about physical education and other school-based physical activity opportunities before, during, and after the school day; 
  • support parents’ efforts to provide their children with opportunities to be physically active outside of school; and, 
  • include sharing information about physical activity and physical education through a web site, newsletter, other take-home materials, special events or physical education homework. 
Food Marketing in Schools
School-based marketing will be consistent with state/federal guidelines, nutrition education, and health promotion. The school district will:
  • limit food and beverage marketing to the promotion of foods and beverages that meet the nutrition standards for meals or for foods and beverages sold individually; 
  • prohibit school-based marketing of brands promoting predominantly low-nutrition foods and beverages; 
  • promote healthy foods, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products; and 
  • market activities that promote healthful behaviors (and are therefore allowable) including: vending machine covers promoting water; pricing structures that promote healthy options in a la carte lines or vending machines; sales of fruit for fundraisers; and coupons for discount gym memberships. 
Examples: Marketing techniques include the following: logos and brand names on/in vending machines, books or curricula, textbook covers, school supplies, scoreboards, school structures, and sports equipment; educational incentive programs that provide food as a reward; programs that provide schools with supplies when families buy low-nutrition food products; free samples or coupons; and food sales through fundraising activities.

Staff Wellness
The school district values the health and well-being of every staff member and will plan and implement activities that support personal efforts by staff to maintain a healthy lifestyle.

Student Involvement in Wellness Education/Promotion
The school district will strive to provide opportunities for students to be involved in the promotion and education of wellness to the student body and faculty.
 
Appendix D

NUTRITION GUIDELINES FOR ALL FOODS AVAILABLE ON CAMPUS

School Meals
Meals served through the National School Lunch and Breakfast Programs will:
  • be appealing and attractive to children; 
  • be served in clean and pleasant settings; 
  • meet, at a minimum, nutrition requirements established by local, state and federal law; 
including:
    • offering a variety of fruits and vegetables; 
    • serving only low-fat (1%) and fat-free milk and nutritionally equivalent non-dairy alternatives (as defined by the USDA); and, 
    • ensuring that 100% of the served grains are whole grain. 
Schools should:
  • engage students and parents, through taste-tests of new entrees and surveys, in selecting foods offered through the meal programs in order to identify new, healthful and appealing food choices; and 
  • share information about the nutritional content of meals with parents and students. (The information could be made available on menus, a web site, on cafeteria menu boards, placards or other point-of-purchase materials.) 
Breakfast
To ensure that all children have breakfast, either at home or at school, in order to meet their nutritional needs and enhance their ability to learn, schools will:
  • operate the breakfast program, to the extent possible; 
  • arrange bus schedules and utilize methods to serve breakfasts that encourage participation, or notify parents and students of the availability of the School Breakfast Program, where available; and, 
  • encourage parents to provide a healthy breakfast for their children through newsletter articles, take-home materials or other means. 
Meal Times and Scheduling
The school district:
  • will schedule meal periods at appropriate times; 
  • will provide students access to hand washing or hand sanitizing before they eat meals or snacks; and, 
  • will take reasonable steps to accommodate the tooth-brushing regimens of students with special oral health needs (e.g., orthodontia or high tooth decay risk). 
Qualification of Food Service Staff
Qualified nutrition professionals will administer the meal programs. As part of the school district’s responsibility to operate a food service program, the school district will:
  • provide continuing professional development for all nutrition professionals; and, 
  • provide staff development programs that include appropriate certification and/or training programs for child nutrition directors, nutrition managers and cafeteria workers, according to their levels of responsibility. 
Hydration
The Board of Education promotes the consumption of water as an essential part of students' health. Children need water to keep their bodies functioning and avoid dehydration. Therefore, students may bring bottles into the classroom:
 
Water bottles:
  • Must be transparent.
  • Must contain water only.
  • Must have a closable lid.
  • Can be filled at home or prior to the start of class and during school if needed.
  • Are not to be used for anything other than as a water bottle.
  • Are not to be shared. Students are encouraged to label their bottle with their name. 
  • Are allowed during lunch.
Students are encouraged to take their water bottle home frequently for cleaning.
 
Please use caution when in computer labs or near electronic devices. 
 
Students misusing water bottles will be subject to disciplinary action. 
 
Sharing of Foods
The school district discourages students from sharing their foods or beverages with one another during meal or snack times, given concerns about allergies and other restrictions on some children’s diets.

Foods Sold Outside the Meal (e.g. vending, a la carte, sales)

Elementary schools: The food service program will approve and provide all food and beverage sales to students in
elementary schools. To this end:
  • food in elementary schools should be sold according to state and federal school lunch program guidelines.
  • foods and beverages sold individually will be low-fat and non-fat milk.
Secondary schools:
In middle/junior high and high schools, all foods and beverages sold individually outside the reimbursable meal programs (including those sold through a la carte [snack] lines, vending machines, student stores or fundraising activities) during the school day, or through programs for students after the school day, will meet the following nutrition and portion size standards: Beverages, foods, and portion sizes will meet state and federal guidelines.

Fundraising Activities
All school fundraising activities will meet state/federal guidelines. The school district encourages fundraising activities that promote physical activity. The school district will make available a list of ideas for acceptable fundraising activities.

Snacks
Snacks served during the school day or in after-school enrichment programs will make a positive contribution to children’s diets and health, with an emphasis on serving fruits and vegetables as the primary snacks and water as the primary beverage. Schools will assess if and when to offer snacks based on timing of meals, children’s nutritional needs, children’s ages and other considerations. The school district will disseminate a list of healthful snack items to teachers, after-school program personnel and parents. If eligible, schools that provide snacks through after-school programs will pursue receiving reimbursements through the National School Lunch Program.

Rewards
The school district will not use foods or beverages, especially those that do not meet the nutrition standards for foods and beverages sold individually, as rewards for academic performance or good behavior, and will not withhold food or beverages (including food served through meals) as a punishment. The district has developed a flyer, Alternatives to Food Rewards, that provides guidance to support district personnel.

Celebrations
Schools should evaluate their celebrations practices that involve food during the school day. The school district will disseminate a list of healthy party ideas to parents and teachers. 

Food Safety

All foods made available on campus shall comply with the state and local food safety and sanitation regulations. Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) plans and guidelines are implemented to prevent food illness in schools.

For the safety and security of the food and facility, access to the food service operations are limited to child nutrition staff and authorized personnel. Other than Family Consumer Science classes, food will not be prepared in classrooms due to food borne illness, student allergies, and safety/security of students.

Summer Meals
Schools in which more than 50 percent of students are eligible for free or reduced-price meals will sponsor the Summer Food Service Program for at least six weeks between the last day of the academic school year and the first day of the following school year, and, preferably, throughout the entire summer vacation. (At this point no Ankeny Schools qualifiers for this program)
 
Appendix E

PLAN FOR MEASURING IMPLEMENTATION

Monitoring
The Superintendent/designee will ensure compliance with established school district-wide nutrition and physical activity wellness policies.

In each school:
  • the principal will ensure compliance with those policies in the school and report progress toward meeting the wellness policy goals; and,
  • food service staff, at the school or school district level, will ensure compliance with nutrition policies within food service areas
In the school district:
  • the school district will report on the most recent USDA School Meals Initiative (SMI) review findings and any resulting changes. If the school district has not received a SMI review from the state agency within the past five years, the school district will request from the state agency that a SMI review be scheduled as soon as possible; and,
  • the district will ensure compliance with the school district’s established nutrition and physical activity wellness policies, based on input from schools within the school district. The district wellness committee will report annually to the Board and public on the implementation of the policy, including the extent to which school buildings are in compliance with the policy and recommend updates if needed.
Every three years a committee will be formed to help review policy compliance, assess progress; and determine areas in need of improvement. As part of that review, the school district will review the nutrition and physical activity policies and practices and the provision of an environment that supports healthy eating and physical activity. The school district, and individual schools within the school district, will revise the wellness policies and develop work plans to facilitate their implementation.
 

Approved:
December 18, 2006

Reviewed:
June 10, 2009
December 3, 2012
June 15, 2015 

Revised:
July 20, 2009
December 3, 2012 
June 15, 2015